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Ezekiel White
Ezekiel White

What You Need to Know About An Introduction To Literary Studies Klarer Pdf 33

An Introduction To Literary Studies Klarer Pdf 33: A Beginner's Guide to English Literature

If you are interested in studying English literature, you might be wondering where to start. How do you define literature? What are the main genres and forms of literary texts? How do you analyze and interpret them? What are the historical and cultural contexts that shape them? What are the theoretical frameworks that inform them? How do you find reliable sources and write scholarly papers on them?

An Introduction To Literary Studies Klarer Pdf 33

These are some of the questions that this article will try to answer. Based on the book An Introduction to Literary Studies by Mario Klarer, this article will provide you with a concise, easy-to-understand overview of the central issues in the study of literary texts. It will cover topics such as definitions of key terms, major genres, periods, theoretical approaches, secondary literature, academic writing, further reading, and glossary.

By reading this article, you will gain a solid foundation for your further exploration of English literature. You will also learn how to access a free pdf version of Klarer's book online. So let's get started!

What is literature, what is a text?

The first thing we need to do is to define what we mean by literature and text. These are not simple or straightforward terms, but rather complex and contested ones that have different meanings depending on the context and perspective.

The definition and function of literature

Literature is a broad term that can refer to any written or spoken work that has artistic or aesthetic value. However, this definition is not universally accepted, as different cultures, traditions, and periods may have different criteria and standards for what counts as literature. For example, some works may be considered literature in one culture but not in another, or some works may be considered literature in one period but not in another.

Literature also has different functions and purposes depending on the context and perspective. Some of the possible functions of literature are:

  • to entertain and amuse

  • to inform and educate

  • to persuade and influence

  • to express and communicate

  • to reflect and critique

  • to create and innovate

Literature can also have different effects and impacts on the readers or listeners, such as:

  • to stimulate and inspire

  • to challenge and provoke

  • to empathize and identify

  • to analyze and interpret

  • to appreciate and enjoy

The concept and types of text

A text is a more specific term that can refer to any written or spoken work that has a coherent and meaningful structure. A text can be literary or non-literary, depending on whether it has artistic or aesthetic value or not. A text can also be verbal or non-verbal, depending on whether it uses words or other signs or symbols to convey meaning. A text can also be multimodal, meaning that it combines different modes of communication, such as words, images, sounds, gestures, etc.

Some of the possible types of text are:

  • narrative: a text that tells a story or a sequence of events

  • descriptive: a text that describes a person, place, thing, or situation

  • expository: a text that explains a concept, idea, or phenomenon

  • argumentative: a text that presents a point of view or a claim and supports it with reasons and evidence

  • persuasive: a text that tries to convince or influence the reader or listener to do or believe something

  • poetic: a text that uses language in a creative and expressive way, often with rhythm, rhyme, imagery, etc.

  • dramatic: a text that represents a dialogue or an action between characters on a stage or a screen

  • cinematic: a text that uses moving images and sounds to create a visual and auditory experience for the viewer

Major genres in textual studies

The next thing we need to do is to identify the major genres in textual studies. A genre is a category or a type of text that has certain common features, conventions, and expectations. Genres can be classified according to different criteria, such as form, content, style, audience, purpose, etc. Genres can also be flexible and dynamic, meaning that they can change over time and across cultures, or they can mix and blend with other genres.

The four major genres in textual studies are fiction, poetry, drama, and film. Each genre has its own characteristics, subgenres, and modes of analysis. Let's take a closer look at each genre.


Fiction is a genre of narrative text that creates an imaginary world with imaginary characters and events. Fiction can be written in prose (ordinary language) or verse (poetic language). Fiction can also be oral (spoken) or written (printed).

The elements of fiction

The main elements of fiction are:

  • plot: the sequence of events that make up the story

  • setting: the time and place where the story takes place

  • characters: the people or animals who take part in the story

point of view: the perspective from which the story is told

  • first-person: the narrator is a character in the story who uses "I" or "we"

  • third-person: the narrator is outside the story who uses "he", "she", "they", etc.

  • omniscient: the narrator knows everything about the story and the characters

  • limited: the narrator only knows some things about the story and the characters

  • theme: the main idea or message that the story conveys

style: the way the writer uses language to create effects

  • diction: the choice of words

syntax: the arrangement of words 71b2f0854b


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